1 Elements and Case Citations
- The plaintiff must suffer a discernible physical injury;
- The physical injury must be caused by the psychological trauma;
- The plaintiff must be involved in the event causing the negligent injury to another; and
- The plaintiff must have a close personal relationship to the directly injured person.
Subscribers To The Florida Litigation Guide Can See:
- The rest of the elements for this cause of action;
- The citations to the most recent state and federal court cases citing the cause of action;
- The statute of limitations; and
- The defenses to this cause of action.